The Aztec Calendar Stone is a symbolic portrayal of the four disasters that led to the demise of the four prior Universes in Aztec cosmology. It also contains a hieroglyphic and pictographic layout of how the Aztecs measured time. The stone has both mythological and astronomical significance.
Second ring[ edit ] The second concentric zone or ring contains several square sections, with each section containing five points. Directly above these square sections are are small arches are said to be feather ornaments.
Directly above these are spurs or peaked arches that appear in groups of four . There are also eight angles that divide the stone into eight parts, which likely represent the sun's rays placed in the direction of the cardinal points.
At the very bottom of the surface of the stone, are human heads emerging from the serpent's mouths. Scholars have tried to identify these profiles of human heads as deities but have not come to a consensus .
Some of the edge region is visible in this photograph. Edge of stone[ edit ] The edge of the stone measures approximately 8 inches and contains a band of a series of dots as well as what have been said to be flint knives.
This area has been interpreted as representing a starry night sky . Beth Harris and Dr. This provides a long history of over years of archaeologists, scholars, and historians adding to the interpretation of the stone.
As Eduardo Matos Montezuma stated in : He disagreed about the material of the stone but generally agreed with Leon y Gama's interpretation. Both of these men incorrectly believed the stone to have been vertically positioned, but it was not until that Alfredo Chavero correctly wrote that the proper position for the stone was horizontal.
It was generally established that the four symbols included in the Ollin glyph represent the four past suns that the Mexica believed the earth had passed through. One theory is that the face at the center of the stone represents Tonatiuhthe Aztec deity of the sun. It is for this reason that the stone became known as the "Sun Stone.
The four points may relate to the four corners of the earth or the cardinal points.
The inner circles may express space as well as time. It may have been intended to show Tenochtitlan as the center of the world and therefore, as the center of authority. He posits, for example, that 7 Monkey represents the significant day for the cult of a community within Tenochtitlan.
His claim is further supported by the presence of Mexica ruler Moctezuma II 's name on the work. These elements ground the Stone's iconography in history rather than myth and the legitimacy of the state in the cosmos. Different parts of the calendar are represented on the current Mexican coins, each denomination has a different section.
Most of them were found underneath the center of Mexico City, while others are of unknown origin. Many fall under a category known as temalacatllarge stones built for ritual combat and sacrifice.
Matos Moctezuma has proposed that the Aztec Calendar Stone might also be one of these . Temalacatls[ edit ] Sacrificial stone or Cuauhxicalli of Tizoc The Stone of Tizoc 's upward-facing side contains a calendrical depiction similar to that of the subject of this page.
Many of the formal elements are the same, although the five glyphs at the corners and center are not present. The tips of the compass here extend to the edge of the sculpture. The Stone of Motecuhzoma I is a massive object approximately 12 feet in diameter and 3 feet high with the 8 pointed compass iconography.The Aztec Calendar Stone, better known in the archaeological literature as the Aztec Sun Stone (Piedra del Sol in Spanish), is an enormous basalt disk covered with hieroglyphic carvings of calendar signs and other images referring to the Aztec creation myth.
The Aztec Calendar Stone, better known in the archaeological literature as the Aztec Sun Stone (Piedra del Sol in Spanish), is an enormous basalt disk covered with hieroglyphic carvings of calendar signs and other images referring to the Aztec .
The Aztec calendar stone is a combination of different symbols, and it is also known as glyphs. The actual Calendar Stone was carved at the time of the reign of the sixth Aztec monarch in The actual Calendar Stone was carved at the time of the reign of the sixth Aztec monarch in The famous calendar stone is a brilliant combination of artistry and geometry.
It reflects the Aztec understanding of time and space as wheels within wheels. The detailed surface of the stone combines the understanding of the gods the people had created over the . The stone has both mythological and astronomical significance.
Historically, the Aztec name for this monolithic time keeper is Cuauhxicalli ‘Eagle Bowl’, but it is universally known as the Aztec Calendar or Sun Stone. The Aztec Calendar Stone, carved in the early 16th century, is enormous.
The face of the stone contains various mythological and astrological figures and signs. The most important figure in the stone is Tonatiuh, the sun god, located in the center. Aztec priests used this calendar to .