An analysis of the characteristics and forms of racism a system of oppression based on race

It is by no means a comprehensive list, but it is a good place for us to start. If there is a term that you feel should be included here, please let us know. A system of oppression that includes discrimination and social prejudice against people with intellectual, emotional, and physical disabilities, their exclusion, and the valuing of people and groups that do not have disabilities. A system of oppression that works against the young and the old and values individuals in their 30s to 50s.

An analysis of the characteristics and forms of racism a system of oppression based on race

On 24 August 20 year old Australian transgender activist and revolutionary socialist Amber Maxwell took her own life after years of transphobic oppression, 5 finding it impossible to get permanent employment or stable housing.

Australian surveys of LGBTI people lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex have found suicide rates between 3. A Press for Change survey in for the Equalities Review found that 73 percent of trans people surveyed had experienced public harassment including violence: A survey by the Scottish Transgender Alliance and Sheffield Hallam University found that 84 percent of trans people surveyed had thought of suicide, 27 percent thought of it during the week prior to the survey, one in three had attempted suicide, one in four more than once.

How socialists approach the question of fighting oppressions like transphobia is not an abstract matter. It goes to the heart of how we work with oppressed groups and individuals such as trans people and how we persuade them to become part of building a mass united working class movement to overthrow capitalism and create a socialist society.

An analysis of the characteristics and forms of racism a system of oppression based on race

Terminology Many people, including many on the left, will be unfamiliar with transgender terminology and may find gender variant drives or desires hard to comprehend. Many may also be unsure how to address a trans person to avoid giving offence. It is also deeply offensive to refer to a trans person by their former gender pronoun he, shealthough most trans people will understand the difficulties and slip ups that this may sometimes lead to if someone may have known them in their former gender.

If there is doubt about the gender of a person or about how they might want to be addressed, asking them sensitively how they want to be addressed stands a good chance of resolving the matter.

Most trade unions now have model trans rights at work policies which will give all sorts of guidance about trans issues, providing representation for a trans person and so on.

The TUC publishes guidance from The Gender Trust online 10 and various organisations such as Press for Change 11 have very useful glossaries of terms, information and advice. Transgender terminology can be problematic because, like language in general, it continually evolves.

New terms emerge and others shift their meaning. Cis is seen as the antonym of trans. Such people might include drag queens and kings, crossdressers, genderqueer people and others. Most trade unions do not include queer in the title of their equality organisations.

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The extent of gender variance In recent years increasing numbers of trans people have sought support. The number of children and young people doing so has increased very significantly.

In there were about such referrals in the UK, more than double previous years. According to a survey by the Gender Identity Research and Education Society in there are around 1, to 1, new referrals to gender identity clinics in the UK each year and the figures are increasing by about 15 percent per annum.

While there are clearly fewer trans people than there are lesbian, gay or bisexual LGB people there are nevertheless many millions worldwide and in recent decades more and more have sought to live outside the closet.

GIRES estimates that there are aroundtrans people in the UK if one assumes equal numbers of male-assigned and female-assigned people in the trans population, and if one uses a broad definition to include transsexual people, regular and occasional crossdressers, various gender variant people, drag queens and drag kings.

This suggests around people perof the population—a small proportion but a large absolute number.

An analysis of the characteristics and forms of racism a system of oppression based on race

Contrary to popular mythology by no means all trans people want medical support for transition. For many trans people, altering their body is not part of their gender expression. Some may want hormone treatment but not surgery. Assuming that the apocalypse is not about to intervene, this article will concentrate on the politics of trans oppression.

There are, however, anomalies and exceptions throughout the natural world, including humankind, to the biological binary that occur more frequently than may generally be appreciated.

The medical profession in capitalist society, however, has generally been unwilling to accept such variation. This means carrying out procedures on infants that are difficult or impossible to reverse.

Many intersex people and organisations regard this as unwarranted and intrusive at best and a form of genital mutilation at worst. A trans person is extremely unlikely to have any biological manifestations such as chromosomal or endocrinal inconsistencies. Some researchers in recent years have claimed that structural brain differences have been found in male to female transsexuals.

Many trans people find this possibility very attractive. Some studies that claim to have found differences have used post-mortem brain samples of transsexuals.


What can be overlooked when these studies are promoted by neuropundits is that the numbers of subjects are small and often they MTF usually will have been on significant oestrogen medication for many years. Not the least of the criticisms of these brain-fishing expeditions using fMRI functional magnetic resonance imaging and PET positron emission tomography scans is that our behaviour, personality and desires cannot be read off from claimed physical differences in localised areas of the brain.

Correlation between various stimulants and activity in areas of the brain is not the same as causation. What we do know about the brain is that it is highly complex, integrated and continually adapting and changing.

They are conceptually and practically distinct.Class oppression. The second social hierarchy, class oppression, sometimes referred to as classism, can be defined as prejudice and discrimination based on social class.

Class is an unspoken social ranking based on income, wealth, education, status, and power. I n August unarmed 18 year old black teenager Michael Brown was shot and killed by white police officer Darren Wilson in the St Louis suburb of Ferguson.

Brown was shot six times including twice to the head, despite having his hands up in surrender, and left dead in the street for four and a half hours. This is a list of carefully researched and thoughtfully discussed definitions for key social justice terms. It is by no means a comprehensive list, but it is a good place for us to start.

If there is a term that you feel should be included here, please let us know. Ableism: A system of oppression. Also, “it starts to look like me and the feminists” should be “looks like I”. And “untitled” doesn’t really make sense.

And if biology is a hard science, it’s on the extreme soft edge of hard sciences. Racism. Every individual on earth has his completing causes; consequently an individual with perfect causes becomes perfect, and another with imperfect causes remains imperfect, as the negro who is able to receive nothing more than the human shape and speech in its least developed form.

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