An introduction to the legislative proposals

Absent with leave --not present at a session with consent. Absent without leave-- not present at a session without consent. ACT - - Legislation enacted into law.

An introduction to the legislative proposals

Sample Legislative Proposal:

Enrollment demand for the three public segments is driven in part by changes in the number of high school graduates. Assuming no other changes, an increase in the number of California high school graduates causes a proportionate increase in college enrollment demand.

More high school graduates can affect freshman enrollment immediately for all the segments. Increases in high school graduates also can have a future effect on transfer enrollment, as some entering community college students will work their way through the transfer process over the course of subsequent years.

The state is expected to continue seeing slow growth in high school graduates throughout the next several years. The Department of Finance projects 0.

This share has steadily increased since This enrollment level is 0. The decline in enrollment during the recession largely reflected reductions in state funding rather than declining enrollment demand.

Enrollment demand is often highest at CCC during recessions as unemployment rates rise.

An introduction to the legislative proposals

Largely due to its stronger link to the economic cycle, CCC enrollment is the most volatile among the three segments. Though resident enrollment at the universities is less volatile than at CCC, both CSU and UC experienced some enrollment decline during the past recession.

In response to concerns that the increase in nonresident enrollment was limiting space for eligible resident students, the state recently directed UC to adopt a policy to limit nonresident enrollment. UC adopted such a policy earlier this year, which we describe in the nearby box.

In Maythe UC Regents finalized the new policy. Effectively, the new policy gives five campuses an opportunity to increase their shares of nonresident enrollment, while limiting further growth in nonresident enrollment at the four campuses with the highest existing shares.

These shares are somewhat lower than the shares 15 years ago. While increasing at CSU too, the trend has been more gradual.

Under the traditional approach to funding enrollment, the state first considers the eligibility, demographic, and enrollment factors discussed earlier and sets a target for each segment. Over the past few decades, the state typically has set one overall enrollment target for each segment rather than separate targets for certain types of students such undergraduate and graduate students or students in the humanities and sciences.

The Governor and Legislature do not have to approve enrollment growth at the requested level. If a district does not meet its target, it retains associated enrollment funding for one year, but then the unearned funding is reverted.

A district, however, has up to three years to earn back the funding if it can increase its enrollment. If the overall CCC system does not meet its target, the state immediately repurposes the funds for other college or school priorities. In the case of the universities, the state makes a determination each year on how much enrollment to fund and gives the segments flexibility to set enrollment targets for each campus.

The most recently used formula assumed that the universities would hire a new professor at the average salary of newly hired faculty for every 19 additional students enrolled. In addition, the formula included the average cost per student for faculty benefits, academic and instructional support, student services, instructional equipment, and operations and maintenance of physical infrastructure.

The marginal cost formula was based on the cost of all enrollment undergraduate and graduate students and all academic disciplines excluding health sciences. After calculating the total marginal cost per student, state and student shares were calculated.

If the segments did not meet the enrollment target specified in the budget within a certain margin, then historically an equivalent portion of the associated enrollment growth funding was reverted. Though the state traditionally has set enrollment targets and used the marginal cost funding formula to determine how much associated enrollment growth funding to provide CSU and UC, it has not regularly used this process since Though the state resumed some of its enrollment budgeting practices since that time, it has not consistently set enrollment targets and used the marginal cost formula to determine associated state funding.

Table of Contents

In recent years, the state has approached UC enrollment targets and funding in a few new ways: The state has since continued this practice. The change in funding practices were made with the expectation that UC find funding through alternative sources and redirected savings from certain cost reductions.

If UC was on track, it received its enrollment funding.Potential Pitfalls. The version of legislative theater that Boal developed while he was a vereador was, understandably, an ideal arrangement that has proven difficult to match since.

In his case, the elected official was the main convenor of the process, and was therefore in a position to act on the recommendations that emerged.

A legislative proposal is a formal document presented proposing modification or repeal of a particular law or the introduction of a law regarding a particular topic.

WCA Legislative Exchange. Madison Concourse Hotel ()1 West Dayton Street. Madison, WI Phone: Agenda. The two-day meeting provides a briefing on legislative proposals affecting counties and reports by WCA legislative staff and state officials.


In this report, we analyze the Governor’s higher education budget proposals. We begin by providing an overview of higher education in California. 1 INTRODUCTION This pamphlet1, prepared by the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation, provides an overview of the special tax rules related to Puerto Rico and an analysis of the tax and economic policy implications of recent legislative options.

The European Union adopts legislation through a variety of legislative procedures. The procedure used for a given legislative proposal depends on the policy area in question.

Most legislation needs to be proposed by the European Commission and approved by the Council of the European Union in order to become law..

Over the years the power of the European Parliament within the legislative.

Sources of Legislative Proposals: A Descriptive Introduction -