It was first isolated in in Tanzania and is an RNA virus with a positive-sense single-stranded genome of about
Clinician Information What is chikungunya? Chikungunya is an illness caused by a virus that spreads through mosquito bites. The most common symptoms of chikungunya are fever and joint pain. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.
Who is at risk? The mosquito that carries chikungunya virus bites primarily during the daytime, both indoors and outdoors, and often lives around buildings in urban areas. What can travelers do to prevent chikungunya?
There is no vaccine or medicine to prevent chikungunya.
The only way to prevent chikungunya is to prevent mosquito bites. Preventing bites can be difficult, but it is important, as you can get sick after just one bite.
Follow these steps to reduce the chances that you will be bitten by mosquitoes during your trip. Cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats.
Use an appropriate insect repellent as directed. Higher percentages of active ingredient provide longer protection. Use products with the following active ingredients: If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellent second.
Follow package directions when applying repellent on children. Avoid applying repellent to their hands, eyes, and mouth.
Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear such as boots, pants, socks, and tents. You can buy pre-treated clothing and gear or treat them yourself: Treated clothing remains protective after multiple washings.
See the product information to find out how long the protection will last. If treating items yourself, follow the product instructions carefully. Do not use permethrin directly on skin. Stay and sleep in screened or air conditioned rooms.
Use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors. If you feel sick and think you may have chikungunya: Talk to your doctor or nurse if you feel seriously ill, especially if you have a fever. Tell them about your travel. For more information about medical care abroad, see Getting Health Care Abroad and a list of International Joint Commission-accredited facilities.
Use acetaminophen or paracetamol to treat fever and pain. Get lots of rest, and drink plenty of liquids. Avoid spreading the disease by preventing more mosquito bites.Chikungunya is a viral illness that spread to people by mosquito bites. Chikungunya virus has been found in Africa, Asia, and Europe, and in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
In December , a cluster of Chikungunya cases was identified for the first time in the Americas. Because chikungunya is a nationally notifiable disease, state health departments should report laboratory-confirmed cases to CDC through ArboNET, the .
Information on Chikungunya virus. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content.
PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Chikungunya. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic. Click . Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.
Joint pain is often debilitating and can vary in duration. Chikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. It causes fever and severe joint pain. Other symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash.
Joint pain is often debilitating and can vary in duration.