I therefore decided to also develop a format for a quantitative research article. What are the different sections included in a scientific article? Note that journals might have their own requirements, but you can use this as a general guideline:
Strengths of survey research include its cost effectiveness, generalizability, reliability, and versatility. Weaknesses of survey research include inflexibility and issues with validity. Exercises What are some ways that survey researchers might overcome the weaknesses of this method?
Find an article reporting results from survey research remember how to use Sociological Abstracts? How do the authors describe the strengths and weaknesses of their study?
Are any of the strengths or Describe quantitative research described here mentioned in the article? Describe the various types of longitudinal surveys.
Define retrospective surveys, and identify their strengths and weaknesses. Discuss some of the benefits and drawbacks of the various methods of delivering self-administered questionnaires. There is much variety when it comes to surveys.
This variety comes both in terms of time—when or with what frequency a survey is administered—and in terms of administration—how a survey is delivered to respondents. Time In terms of time, there are two main types of surveys: Cross-sectional surveys Surveys that are administered at one point in time.
These Describe quantitative research offer researchers a sort of snapshot in time and give us an idea about how things are for our respondents at the particular point in time that the survey is administered. My own study of older workers mentioned previously is an example of a cross-sectional survey.
I administered the survey at just one time. Religious doubts and mental health in adolescence and young adulthood: The association with religious attitudes. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 39— These researchers administered a single, one-time-only, cross-sectional survey to a convenience sample of high school and college students.
The researchers found from analysis of their cross-sectional data that anxiety and depression were highest among those who had both strong religious beliefs and also some doubts about religion.
To disclose or not: Publicness in social networking sites.
These researchers administered an online survey to undergraduate and graduate business students. That is, there was a negative relationship between perceived publicness of a social networking site and plans to self-disclose on the site.
Thus generalizing from a cross-sectional survey about the way things are can be tricky; perhaps you can say something about the way things were in the moment that you administered your survey, but it is difficult to know whether things remained that way for long after you administered your survey.
Think, for example, about how Americans might have responded if administered a survey asking for their opinions on terrorism on September 10, Now imagine how responses to the same set of questions might differ were they administered on September 12, The point is not that cross-sectional surveys are useless; they have many important uses.
But researchers must remember what they have captured by administering a cross-sectional survey; that is, as previously noted, a snapshot of life as it was at the time that the survey was administered. One way to overcome this sometimes problematic aspect of cross-sectional surveys is to administer a longitudinal survey.
Longitudinal surveys Surveys that enable a researcher to make observations over some extended period of time.
There are several types of longitudinal surveys, including trend, panel, and cohort surveys. Retrospective surveys fall somewhere in between cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys. The first type of longitudinal survey is called a trend survey A type of longitudinal survey where a researcher examines changes in trends over time; the same people do not necessarily participate in the survey more than once.
The main focus of a trend survey is, perhaps not surprisingly, trends. The Gallup opinion polls are an excellent example of trend surveys.
You can read more about Gallup on their website: To learn about how public opinion changes over time, Gallup administers the same questions to people at different points in time.
Quantitative research is “explaining phenomena by collecting numerical data that are analysed using mathematically based methods (in particular statistics). Qualitative research seeks to answer questions about why and . Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Research in data collection, online surveys, paper surveys, quantifiable research, and quantifiable data. Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Research in data collection, online surveys, paper surveys, quantifiable research, and quantifiable data. CALL thank you so much for . Quantitative research gathers data in a numerical form which can be put into categories, or in rank order, or measured in units of measurement. This type of data can be used to construct graphs and tables of raw data.
For example, for several years Gallup has polled Americans to find out what they think about gas prices something many of us happen to have opinions about.
Unlike in a trend survey, in a panel survey the same people do participate in the survey each time it is administered. As you might imagine, panel studies can be difficult and costly.
Imagine trying to administer a survey to the same people every year for, say, 5 years in a row. When they do, however, the results can be quite powerful. You can read more about the Youth Development Study at its website:Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Methods in Social Marketing Research.
by Nedra Kline Weinreich. Introduction. Traditionally, research in the field of health promotion has followed in the footsteps of its "older brother," medicine. Research and Research Methods What we will cover: Formal vs.
Informal Qualitative vs. Quantitative Primary vs. Secondary Focus Groups In-Depth Interviews. Learn the difference between these two forms of data and when you should use them.
Quantitative research is designed to collect cold, hard facts. Qualitative research collects information that seeks to describe a topic more than measure it. Research is the foundation of effective decision making and knowledge creation.
The research process has been refined over the years to a level of sophistication that, while yielding actionable results, may appear daunting to those not immersed in its practice.
This text examines the fundamentals of solving a scientific research problem, focusing on the relationship between the problem and the research design. The Quantitative Methods Paper is made up of five sections: Introduction Lit Review Methods Analysis Discussion and Conclusion. These sections are discussed below.