He and his dynasty ruled over a huge empire, stretching from central Europe to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic to the borders of Afghanistan. However, the Russian Empire was riven by many tensions.
Russia, they believed, was immune to capitalism, owing to the circumstances of joint ownership of peasant land by the village commune. This view had been first attacked by Plekhanov in the s.
Plekhanov had argued that Russia had already entered the capitalist stage, looking for evidence to the rapid growth of industry.
Despite the denials of the Populistshe claimed, the man of the future in Russia was indeed the proletarian, not the peasant. While attempting to apply the Marxist scheme of social development to Russia, Plekhanov had come to the conclusion that the revolution in Russia would have to pass through two discrete stages: But, almost immediately, Lenin went a step beyond his former mentor, especially with regard to the peasant question.
In an attack on the Populists published inLenin charged that, even if they realized their fondest dream and divided all the land among the peasant communes, the result would not be Socialism but rather capitalism spawned by a free market in agricultural produce.
Even while in exile in Siberia, Lenin had begun research on his investigation of the peasant question, which culminated in his magisterial Development of Capitalism in Russia published legally in In this work, a study of Russian economics, he argued that capitalism was rapidly destroying the peasant commune.
An abortive First Congress, held in in Minskhad failed to achieve this objective, for most of the delegates were arrested shortly after the congress. The organizing committee of the Second Congress decided to convene the congress in Brussels inbut police pressure forced it to transfer to London.
The congressional sessions wore on for nearly three weeks, for no point appeared too trivial to debate.
The main issues, nevertheless, quickly became plain: Capitalism, he contended, predisposed the workers to the acceptance of Socialism but did not spontaneously make them conscious Socialists.
At the Second Congress the Iskra group split, and Lenin found himself in a minority of opinion on this very issue.
According to Lenin the party had to be a highly centralized body organized around a small, ideologically homogeneous, hardened core of experienced professional revolutionaries, who would be elected to the central committee by the party congress and who would lead a ramified hierarchy of lower party organizations that would enjoy the support and sympathy of the proletariat and all groups opposed to tsarism.
But a walkout by a disgruntled group of Jewish Social-Democrats, the Bund, left Lenin with a slight majority. The two groups fought each other ceaselessly within the same RSDWP and professed the same program untilwhen Lenin made the split final at the Prague Conference of the Bolshevik Party.
Challenges of the Revolution of and World War I The differences between Lenin and the Mensheviks became sharper in the Revolution of and its aftermath, when Lenin moved to a distinctly original view on two issues: The outbreak of the revolution, in Januaryfound Lenin abroad in Switzerland, and he did not return to Russia until November.
Immediately Lenin set down a novel strategy. But the Mensheviks argued that the bourgeois revolution must be led by the bourgeoisiewith whom the proletariat must ally itself in order to make the democratic revolution.Sep 08, · Vladimir Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary and head of the Bolshevik Party who rose to prominence during the Russian Revolution of , one of the most explosive political events of the.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the name Lenin (April 22, – January 24, ), was a Marxist leader who served as the key architect of the October Revolution, and the first leader of the Soviet srmvision.com's legacy, around which a personality cult developed in the USSR, was an oppressive system that dictated how people lived their lives, where they lived, and what they thought.
Mar 10, · The auguries for war. In , Tsar Nicholas II celebrated the tercentenary of Romanov rule in Russia. He and his dynasty ruled over a huge empire, stretching from central Europe to . Joseph Stalin was the second leader of the Soviet Union. His real name was Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, and he was also known as Koba (a Georgian folk hero) to his closest sphere.
Yan Lianke's novel, "Lenin's Kisses", newly and beautifully translated by Carlos Rojas, is a rare and fascinating example, not just of Chinese fiction from a writer living and working in China, but also a book that has won literary awards (the prestigious Chinese Lao She Literary Award), now available in .
Lenin was successful as a leader of the Bolsheviks in the process of overthrowing the monarchy system of Russia.
The name "Lenin" was the fake name being used in the revolution. His real name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov.