Bibliography Purpose of Guide This guide is intended to help students organize and write a quality research paper for classes taught in the social and behavioral sciences. Also included are recommendations concerning how to successfully manage and complete specific course assignments. Note that, if you have any questions about a writing assignment, you should always seek advice from your professor before you begin. Requirements set forth by your professor will always supersede instructions provided in these general guidelines.
December 15, 1. The most fundamental way to simplify writing is to use simpler words. Simple words—whether verbs, nouns or adjectives—tend to have broader connotations, while complicated words have more specific meanings.
Thus, you have a lower margin for error when using simpler words. Substitute a less familiar word with a more readily understandable one. Rewrite the following sentences by expressing the ideas more simply: The hurricane destroyed almost all structures along the coastline.
Most homes were destroyed when water and wind joined forces to rip off roofs and collapse walls.
One way to make your writing clearer is to limit the use of long sentences. The easiest way to do this is to divide a long sentence into two or more shorter sentences. Using shorter sentences does not mean that all sentences should be short. This would create a choppy style and is precisely where the art of writing comes into play.
You must judge how to weave short sentences with longer ones, as well as how to use sentence variety. Practice by breaking this long sentence into short ones: Leadership—whether on the battlefield or in another area, such as politics or business—can take place either by example or command, and Alexander the Great, renowned in both history and legend, is a good example of a military leader who led by both command and personal example, whereas Gandhi and Mother Teresa, both famous for their devotion to great causes, provide instances of people leading primarily by the power of inspiring personal example.
Tiresome writing occurs when a writer needlessly repeats a word or an idea. Redundant words or phrases are those that can be eliminated without changing the meaning of the sentence. Rewrite the following sentence, cutting out redundancies: Employees should be ready, willing and able to adhere to the company dress code and not wear casual clothes when more formal attire is required.
Occasional use of qualifiers will let the reader know you are reasonable, but using such modifiers too often weakens your writing.
Excessive qualification makes you sound hesitant and adds bulk without adding substance. Rewrite the following sentence, cutting out any excessive qualification: Do you underline book titles? Rewrite the following sentence, cutting out needless self-reference: My own experience shows me that alcohol is a fine social lubricant.
In general, active voice is stronger than passive voice because the active voice is more direct and cuts down on the number of needed words. Rewrite the following sentence, replacing the passive voice with active words: In premodern times, medical surgery was often performed by inexperienced and ill-equipped practitioners.
Nominalization is a fancy-sounding but important concept in writing. Improve the following sentence by replacing nouns and adjectives with verbs: The difficulty of course work and the pressure of grading should not discourage students from pursuing new academic ventures.
Parallelism in writing means expressing similar parts of a sentence in a consistent way. Elements alike in function should be alike in construction. Parallelism is an important element of style because it builds clarity and power. Note the following sentence in parallel form: Now you try it: Rewrite the following sentence using parallel structure: All business students learn the basics of accounting, marketing fundamentals and how to do manufacturing.
One major difference between good writing and mediocre writing lies with the specific and concrete examples that you use or fail to use. Vague language weakens your writing because it forces the reader to guess at what you mean instead of allowing the reader to concentrate fully on your ideas and style.
Choose specific, descriptive words for more forceful writing. Strengthen the following sentence by replacing vague language with specifics: Jones make a good couple.Dec 06, · Improving the style or the structure of your academic writing.
How is academic writing different to other kinds of writing? I need to write in a more formal and technical style. Dec 06, · Help Yourself menu page: Improving the style or structure of your academic writing. Superb academic writing is paramount to success in any undergraduate or graduate program.
Here are 10 simple tips to improve your academic writing skills. Started out at creative writing but have no idea what to do next? Don’t worry; it’s very simple to improve your creative writing and grow it to the next level. Everyone has some tips and tricks in his/her sleeve; some work and some don’t.
This course is all about the skills and techniques you need to use to succeed in task 1 of the IELTS Academic writing test. It will be evolving over time to include new videos and course materials to help you to complete the test with confidence.
Academic writing refers to a style of expression that researchers use to define the intellectual boundaries of their disciplines and their specific areas of expertise. Characteristics of academic writing include a formal tone, use of the third-person rather than first-person perspective (usually), a.