This Sanatana Dharma has many scriptures:
His father, Krishna Dhun Ghose, was then Assistant Surgeon of Rangpur in Bengal, and a former member of the Brahmo Samaj religious reform movement who had become enamoured with the then-new idea of evolution while pursuing medical studies in Edinburgh. Aurobindo had two elder siblings, Benoybhusan and Manmohana younger sister, Sarojini, and a younger brother, Barindrakumar also referred to as Barin.
Although his family were Bengalihis father believed British culture to be superior. He and his two elder siblings were sent to the English-speaking Loreto House boarding school in Darjeelingin part to improve their language skills and in part to distance them from their mother, who had developed a mental illness soon after the birth of her first child.
Darjeeling was a centre of British life in India and the school was run by Irish nuns, through which the boys would have been exposed to Christian religious teachings and symbolism. To achieve this it was necessary that they study in England and so it was there that the entire family moved in This was a prerequisite for admission to good English schools and, after two years, inthe elder two siblings were enrolled at Manchester Grammar School.
Aurobindo was considered too young for enrolment and he continued his studies with the Drewetts, learning history, Latin, Frenchgeography and arithmetic. Although the Drewetts were told not to teach religion, the boys inevitably were exposed to Christian teachings and events, which generally bored Aurobindo and sometimes repulsed him.
There was little contact with his father, who wrote only a few letters to his sons while they were in England, but what communication there was indicated that he was becoming less endeared to the British in India than he had been, on one occasion describing the British Raj as a "heartless government".
He considered himself at one point to be an atheist but later determined that he was agnostic. Cotton secured for him a place in Baroda State Service and arranged for him to meet the prince. His father died upon hearing this news. Anushilan Samiti In Baroda, Aurobindo joined the state service inworking first in the Survey and Settlements department, later moving to the Department of Revenue and then to the Secretariat, and much miscellaneous work like teaching grammar and assisting in writing speeches for the Maharaja of Gaekwad until He was later promoted to the post of vice-principal.
He linked up with resistance groups in Bengal and Madhya Pradeshwhile traveling to these states.
He established contact with Lokmanya Tilak and Sister Nivedita. He formally moved to Calcutta in after the announcement of the Partition of Bengal. Inon a visit to Calcutta, he married year-old Mrinalini, the daughter of Bhupal Chandra Bose, a senior official in government service.
Aurobindo was 28 at that time.
Mrinalini died seven years later in December during the influenza pandemic. In his public activities he favoured non-co-operation and passive resistance; in private he took up secret revolutionary activity as a preparation for open revolt, in case that the passive revolt failed.
He helped establish a series of youth clubs, including the Anushilan Samiti of Calcutta in In at the Surat session of Congress where moderates and extremists had a major showdown, he led along with extremists along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
The Congress split after this session. He was arrested again in May in connection with the Alipore Bomb Case. He was acquitted in the ensuing trial, following the murder of chief prosecution witness Naren Gosain within jail premises which subsequently led to the case against him collapsing.
Aurobindo was subsequently released after a year of isolated incarceration. Once out of the prison he started two new publications, Karmayogin in English and Dharma in Bengali.
He also delivered the Uttarpara Speech hinting at the transformation of his focus to spiritual matters. This sparked an outburst of public anger against the British, leading to civil unrest and a nationalist campaign by groups of revolutionaries, who included Aurobindo.
InKhudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki attempted to kill Magistrate Kingsford, a judge known for handing down particularly severe sentences against nationalists.
However, the bomb thrown at his horse carriage missed its target and instead landed in another carriage and killed two British women, the wife and daughter of barrister Pringle Kennedy.
Aurobindo was also arrested on charges of planning and overseeing the attack and imprisoned in solitary confinement in Alipore Jail. The trial of the Alipore Bomb Case lasted for a year, but eventually, he was acquitted on May 6, His defence counsel was Chittaranjan Das.Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 >.
Show in alphabetical order Mihai Eminescu (), the greatest poet of Rumania. 1 Life and Teachings of Swami Vivekananda – by Sadguru Sri Nannagaru (This video is to commemorate the th birthday celebrations of Swami Vivekananda.
This video is an attempt to present an English version of the speech of Sadguru Sri. Swami Vivekananda, a philosopher preacher and a reformer, dedicated his whole life for the upliftment of human ity. In his dynamism of tho ught he laid emphasis on the. Apr 03, · Swami Vivekananda observed from the masses that even if the people are poor they never left their religious beliefs behind but they have never used those teachings in real life.
He thought of using those religious teachings to inspire people and that’s what he did/5(22). Teachings and philosophy of Swami Vivekananda stressed on different aspects of religion, education, character building as well as social issues pertaining to India.
Vivekananda was a Hindu monk from India who played significant role in introducing Vedanta to the Western world and also reviving and redefining certain aspect of the religion within India.
Swami Vivekananda in Bengal and very soon afterwards Swami Rama Tirtha in Punjab (the two opposite horizontal directions of the vast expanse of the country) made their appearance like two shining stars in the firmament of the educational, philosophical, religious and cultural milieu.