See Article History Alternative Titles: Officially known as the Democratic Republic of the Congothe country has a mile km coastline on the Atlantic Ocean but is otherwise landlocked. It is the second largest country on the continent; only Algeria is larger.
Lumumba declared Kasavubu's action unconstitutional and a crisis between the two leaders developed. On 17 Januaryhe was handed over to Katangan authorities and executed by Belgian-led Katangese troops. The secession ended in January with the assistance of UN forces.
With financial support from the United States and Belgium, Mobutu paid his soldiers privately. The new president had the staunch support of the United States because of his opposition to Communism; the US believed that his administration would serve as an effective counter to communist movements in Africa.
He periodically held elections in which he was the only candidate. Although relative peace and stability were achieved, Mobutu's government was guilty of severe human rights violations, political repression, a cult of personality and corruption.
By late Mobutu had successfully neutralized his political opponents and rivals, either through co-opting them into his regime, arresting them, or rendering them otherwise politically impotent. Kasa-Vubu's death in April ensured that no person with First Republic credentials could challenge his rule.
He traveled frequently across the continent while the government became more vocal about African issues, particularly those relating to the southern region.
Zaire established semi-clientelist relationships with several smaller African states, especially Burundi, Chad, and Togo.
Zaire became a kleptocracy as Mobutu and his associates embezzled government funds. Mobutu with the Dutch Prince Bernhard in Kinshasa in In a campaign to identify himself with African nationalism, starting on 1 JuneMobutu renamed the nation's cities: This renaming campaign was completed in the s.
InMobutu renamed the country the Republic of Zaire,  its fourth name change in 11 years and its sixth overall.
The Congo River was renamed the Zaire River. During the s and s, he was invited to visit the United States on several occasions, meeting with U.
Opponents within Zaire stepped up demands for reform. This atmosphere contributed to Mobutu's declaring the Third Republic inwhose constitution was supposed to pave the way for democratic reform.
The reforms turned out to be largely cosmetic. Mobutu continued in power until armed forces forced him to flee in In Mobutu fled and Kabila marched into Kinshasa, named himself president, and reverted the name of the country to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Kabila later requested that foreign military forces return to their own countries. He had concerns that the Rwandan officers running his army were plotting to give the presidency to a Tutsi who would report directly to Rwandan president, Paul Kagame.
Angolan, Zimbabwean and Namibian militaries entered the hostilities on the side of the government.Democratic Republic of Congo Armed Forces (FARDC) in eastern Congo. Within days, the CNDP captured a number of small towns and Congolese forces retreated in large numbers.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (pronunciation (help · info) French: République démocratique du Congo), also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa, East Congo, or simply the Congo, is the southernmost country located in East Africa and Central Africa.
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